Types of Autoimmune Diseases

types of autoimmune disease

With at least 100 different types of autoimmune diseases, it’s easy to see why so many people are experiencing symptoms. This number is increasing at an alarming rate, and so many of them are misdiagnosed for years. When I first started researching material for this site about 8 months ago, that count was at 80.

Since detailing every single one of the 100 different types of autoimmune diseases seems a bit redundant, I’ve only provided a list here. Some are so rare that you’ve probably never heard of them while others are unfortunately very well known.

As I continue writing articles for this site, I will be choosing diseases from this list to write an entire post about and will link to them here. If there’s a specific autoimmune disease you would like for me to focus on, please let me know in the comments below.

List of Types of Autoimmune Diseases

  • Addison’s disease
  • Agammaglobulinemia
  • Alopecia areata
  • Amyloidosis
  • Ankylosing spondylitis
  • Anti-GBM or Anti-TBM nephritis
  • Antiphospholipid syndrome
  • Autoimmune hepatitis
  • Autoimmune inner ear disease (AIED)
  • Axonal & neuronal neuropathy (AMAN)
  • Behcet’s disease
  • Benign mucosal pemphigoid
  • Bullous pemphigoid
  • Castleman disease (CD)
  • Celiac disease
  • Chagas disease
  • Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP)
  • Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO)
  • Churg-Strauss
  • Cicatricial pemphigoid
  • Cogan’s syndrome
  • Cold agglutinin disease
  • Congenital heart block
  • Coxsackie myocarditis
  • CREST syndrome
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Dermatitis herpetiformis
  • Dermatomyositis
  • Devic’s disease (neuromyelitis optica)
  • Discoid lupus
  • Dressler’s syndrome
  • Endometriosis
  • Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE)
  • Eosinophilic fasciitis
  • Erythema nodosum
  • Essential mixed cryoglobulinemia
  • Evans syndrome
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Fibrosing alveolitis
  • Giant cell arteritis (temporal arteritis)
  • Giant cell myocarditis
  • Glomerulonephritis
  • Goodpasture’s syndrome
  • Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis
  • Graves’ disease
  • Guillain-Barre syndrome
  • Hashimoto’s thyroiditis
  • Hemolytic anemia
  • Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP)
  • Herpes gestationis or pemphigoid gestationis (PG)
  • Hypogammalglobulinemia
  • IgA Nephropathy
  • IgG4-related sclerosing disease
  • Immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)
  • Inclusion body myositis (IBM)
  • Interstitial cystitis (IC)
  • Juvenile arthritis
  • Juvenile myositis (JM)
  • Kawasaki disease
  • Lambert-Eaton syndrome
  • Leukocytoclastic vasculitis
  • Lichen planus
  • Lichen sclerosus
  • Ligneous conjunctivitis
  • Linear IgA disease (LAD)
  • Lupus
  • Lyme disease chronic
  • Meniere’s disease
  • Microscopic polyangiitis (MPA)
  • Mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD)
  • Mooren’s ulcer
  • Mucha-Habermann disease
  • Multiple sclerosis (MS)
  • Myasthenia gravis
  • Myositis
  • Narcolepsy
  • Neuromyelitis optica
  • Neutropenia
  • Ocular cicatricial pemphigoid
  • Optic neuritis
  • Palindromic rheumatism (PR)
  • PANDAS
  • Paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration (PCD)
  • Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH)
  • Parry Romberg syndrome
  • Pars planitis (peripheral uveitis)
  • Parsonnage-Turner syndrome,
  • Pemphigus
  • Peripheral neuropathy
  • Perivenous encephalomyelitis
  • Pernicious anemia (PA)
  • POEMS syndrome
  • Polyarteritis nodosa
  • Polymyalgia rheumatica
  • Polymyositis
  • Postmyocardial infarction syndrome
  • Postpericardiotomy syndrome
  • Primary biliary cirrhosis
  • Primary sclerosing cholangitis
  • Progesterone dermatitis
  • Psoriasis
  • Psoriatic arthritis
  • Pure red cell aplasia (PRCA)
  • Pyoderma gangrenosum
  • Raynaud’s phenomenon
  • Reactive Arthritis
  • Reflex sympathetic dystrophy
  • Reiter’s syndrome
  • Relapsing polychondritis
  • Restless legs syndrome (RLS)
  • Retroperitoneal fibrosis
  • Rheumatic fever
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Sarcoidosis
  • Schmidt syndrome
  • Scleritis
  • Scleroderma
  • Sjogren’s syndrome
  • Sperm & testicular autoimmunity
  • Stiff person syndrome (SPS)
  • Subacute bacterial endocarditis (SBE)
  • Susac’s syndrome
  • Sympathetic ophthalmia (SO)
  • Takayasu’s arteritis
  • Temporal arteritis/Giant cell arteritis
  • Thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP)
  • Tolosa-Hunt syndrome (THS)
  • Transverse myelitis
  • Type 1 diabetes (Juvenile diabetes)
  • Ulcerative colitis (UC)
  • Undifferentiated connective tissue disease (UCTD)
  • Uveitis
  • Vasculitis
  • Vitiligo
  • Wegener’s granulomatosis (or Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (GPA))

 

Potential Future Additions to the List of Types of Autoimmune Diseases

While this list is extensive, the bad news is that it will likely grow even more than it already has. It’s been proven that autoimmune disease is linked to an increased risk of dementia. Newer studies are now showing that diseases like Alzheimer’s are presenting similar signs to that of an autoimmune response but have yet to be officially declared.

Another disease that has potential to be included is Parkinson’s Disease. As with Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s patients have a build-up of abnormal proteins in the brain similar to that of a trigger from an autoimmune response. This can lead to symptoms such as difficulty with movements, tremors, and coordination problems to name a few.

As I’m sure we all would like to see this list shrink, I’m afraid it will grow much more before that happens. I will be linking to related articles on the site as I write more content. Stay tuned or feel free to leave me a comment below if there’s something specific you’d like me to cover.

References

American Autoimmune Related Disease Association, Inc.

Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease

New Scientist – Link Between AID & Dementia

Science Daily – Parkinson’s Partly an Autoimmune Disease